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Mathematical decomposition techniques for distributed cross-layer optimization of data networks

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3 Author(s)
Johansson, B. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng., R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm ; Soldati, P. ; Johansson, M.

Network performance can be increased if the traditionally separated network layers are jointly optimized. Recently, network utility maximization has emerged as a powerful framework for studying such cross-layer issues. In this paper, we review and explain three distinct techniques that can be used to engineer utility-maximizing protocols: primal, dual, and cross decomposition. The techniques suggest layered, but loosely coupled, network architectures and protocols where different resource allocation updates should be run at different time-scales. The decomposition methods are applied to the design of fully distributed protocols for two wireless network technologies: networks with orthogonal channels and network-wide resource constraints, as well as wireless networks where the physical layer uses spatial-reuse time-division multiple access. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the power of the approach

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 8 )