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Initial results in power system identification from injected probing signals using a subspace method

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3 Author(s)
Ning Zhou ; Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY ; Pierre, J.W. ; Hauer, J.F.

In this paper, the authors use the Numerical algorithm for Subspace State Space System IDentification (N4SID) to extract dynamic parameters from phasor measurements collected on the western North American Power Grid. The data were obtained during tests on June 7, 2000, and they represent wide area response to several kinds of probing signals, including low-level pseudo-random noise (LLPRN) and single-mode square wave (SMSW) injected at the Celilo terminal of the Pacific HVDC Intertie (PDCI). An identified model is validated using a cross validation method. Also, the obtained electromechanical modes are compared with the results from Prony analysis of a ringdown and with signal analysis of ambient data measured under similar operating conditions. The consistent results show that methods in this class can be highly effective, even when the probing signal is small

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Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 3 )