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Design and fabrication of temperature-insensitive InGaP-InGaAlP resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes

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9 Author(s)
Yi-An Chang ; Inst. of Electro-Opt. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Chun-Lung Yu ; I-Tsung Wu ; Hao-Chung Kuo
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Visible InGaP-InGaAlP resonant-cavity light-emitting diodes with low-temperature sensitivity output characteristics were demonstrated. By means of widening the resonant cavity to a thickness of three wavelength (3lambda), the degree of power variation between 25 degC and 95 degC for the devices biased at 20 mA was apparently reduced from -2.1 dB for the standard structure design (1-lambda cavity) to -0.6 dB. An output power of 2.4 mW was achieved at 70 mA. The external quantum efficiency achieved a maximum of 3% at 13 mA and dropped slowly with increased current for the device. The external quantum efficiency at 20mA dropped only 14% with elevated temperature from 25 degC to 95degC. The current dependent far-field patterns also showed that the emission always took place perfectly in the normal direction, which was suitable for plastic fiber data transmission

Published in:

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 16 )