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Static Performance of a Polarized Permanent-Magnet Reluctance Actuator for Internal Combustion Engine Valve Actuation

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This paper describes the topology of a permanent-magnet polarized reluctance actuator that enhances the performance of electromagnetic valve actuation systems; specifically, it reduces losses during extended periods of valve closure, improves controllability, provides a degree of fail-safe operation in the event of a system fault, and reduces currents required for system initiation during cold-starting of the engine. The paper describes the basic operating mechanism of the actuator and explains the influence of various design features on its static characteristics by means of a finite-element-based design study on a representative performance specification. A prototype device has been manufactured and its static characteristics have been measured experimentally to illustrate the utility of the proposed actuator topology and the key findings from the design study.

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IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 8 )