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Statistical and Information-Theoretic Analysis of Resolution in Imaging

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2 Author(s)
M. Shahram ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Univ., Santa Cruz, CA ; P. Milanfar

In this paper, some detection-theoretic, estimation-theoretic, and information-theoretic methods are investigated to analyze the problem of determining resolution limits in imaging systems. The canonical problem of interest is formulated based on a model of the blurred image of two closely spaced point sources of unknown brightness. To quantify a measure of resolution in statistical terms, the following question is addressed: "What is the minimum detectable separation between two point sources at a given signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and for prespecified probabilities of detection and false alarm (Pd and Pf )?". Furthermore, asymptotic performance analysis for the estimation of the unknown parameters is carried out using the Crameacuter-Rao bound. Although similar approaches to this problem (for one-dimensional (1-D) and oversampled signals) have been presented in the past, the analyzes presented in this paper are carried out for the general two-dimensional (2-D) model and general sampling scheme. In particular the case of under-Nyquist (aliased) images is studied. Furthermore, the Kullback-Liebler distance is derived to further confirm the earlier results and to establish a link between the detection-theoretic approach and Fisher information. To study the effects of variation in point spread function (PSF) and model mismatch, a perturbation analysis of the detection problem is presented as well

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 8 )