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MST-based stepwise connection strategies for multipass Radar data, with application to coregistration and equalization

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3 Author(s)
Refice, A. ; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Bari ; Bovenga, F. ; Nutricato, R.

This paper proposes a unified framework for predicting optimized pairing strategies for interferometric processing of multipass synthetic aperture radar data. The approach consists in a minimum spanning tree (MST) structure based on a distance function encoding an a priori model for the interferometric quality of each image pair. Using a distance function modeled after the interferometric coherence allows reproducing many "small baseline" strategies presented in the recent literature. A novel application of the method to the processing steps of image coregistration and equalization is illustrated, using a test European Remote Sensing Satellite dataset. Widespread methods used for these two operations rely on the computation of the amplitude cross correlation over a large number of corresponding tie patches distributed over the scene. Geometric shift and radiometric equalization parameters are estimated over the patches and used, respectively, within a polynomial warp model and a radiometric correction scheme. The number of reliable patches available behaves similarly to the interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) coherence with respect to the baselines, and can be assimilated to a quality figure for the derivation of the MST. Results show an improvement in the quality of the stepwise (SW)-processed image stack with respect to the classical single-master procedure, confirming that the SW approach is able to provide better conditions for the estimation of correlation-related InSAR parameters

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 8 )