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A 2.5- to 3.5-Gb/s Adaptive FIR Equalizer With Continuous-Time Wide-Bandwidth Delay Line in 0.25- \mu\hbox {m} CMOS

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4 Author(s)
Xiaofeng Lin ; Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX ; Jin Liu ; Hoi Lee ; Hao Liu

This paper presents an adaptive finite impulse response (FIR) equalizer with continuous-time wide-bandwidth delay line in CMOS 0.25-mum process for 2.5-Gb/s to 3.5-Gb/s data communications. To achieve wide bandwidth, fractionally spaced structure is used and an inverter with active-inductor load design is proposed as the delay cell of the tap delay line. Close loop adaptation of the fractionally spaced FIR equalizer is demonstrated using a low-power and area-efficient pulse extraction method as on-chip error detector. Measurement results show that the proposed adaptive equalizer achieves over 75% horizontal eye opening when the channel loss at the half-data-rate frequency varies from 4 dB to 21 dB at 2.5-Gb/s data rate. At 3.5-Gb/s data rate, the equalizer achieves 68% horizontal eye opening when the channel loss is about 9.3 dB at the half-data-rate frequency. The adaptive equalizer including the FIR filter and the error detector occupies 0.095 mm2 die area and dissipates 95 mW at 2.5-Gb/s data rate from 2.5-V voltage supply

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 8 )