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Performance and optimization of multistage partial parallel interference cancellation for wideband CDMA systems in multipath fading channels

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4 Author(s)
Hu Cheng-hua ; Nat. Key Lab. of Commun., Univ. of Electron. Sci. & Technol. of China, Sichuan ; Li Shao-qian ; Tang You-xi ; Li Zhong-ling

In this paper, a closed-form bit error rate (BER) of hard-decision multistage partial parallel interference cancellation (PPIC) having perfect and imperfect channel estimation for complex spreading code-division multiple access (CDMA) over multipath Rayleigh channels was derived. The effects of receiving BER, power ratio of pilot to data channels, multiple-access interference (MAI) and multipath interference, additive white Gaussian noise, and other factors affecting channel estimation error are analyzed. The expression determining the optimal interference cancellation weight at path level for PPIC is first derived. Then, the oscillatory behavior of user-level-optimized PIC and the convergence of perfect channel estimation PIC and path-level-optimized PIC are validated. Results indicate that all factors determining the optimal weight certainly affect the BER performance of PPIC and that the lower BER limit of multistage PPIC depends on the adjustable factors, which include power ratio, observation length, and signal-to-noise ratio, and an unchangeable factor, i.e., number of users. In addition, the variance of MAI for complex spreading sequence is obtained, and the analytical expression can also be employed to predict the performance of multicode CDMA

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Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 4 )