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Validation of a new method for the diagnosis of rotor bar failures via wavelet transform in industrial induction machines

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4 Author(s)
Antonino-Daviu, J.A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Polytech. Univ. of Valencia ; Riera-Guasp, M. ; Folch, J.R. ; Molina Palomares, M.P.

In this paper, the authors propose a method for the diagnosis of rotor bar failures in induction machines, based on the analysis of the stator current during the startup using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Unlike other approaches, the study of the high-order wavelet signals resulting from the decomposition is the core of the proposed method. After an introduction of the physical and mathematical bases of the method, a description of the proposed approach is given; for this purpose, a numerical model of induction machine is used in such a way that the effects of a bar breakage can clearly be shown, avoiding the influence of other phenomena not related with the fault. Afterward, the new diagnosis method is validated using a set of commercial induction motors. Several experiments are developed under different machine conditions (healthy machine and machine with different levels of failure) and operating conditions (no load, full load, pulsating load, and fluctuating voltage). In each case, the results are compared with those obtained using the classical approach, based on the analysis of the steady-state current using the Fourier transform. Finally, the results are discussed, and some considerations about the influence of the DWT parameters (type of mother wavelet, order of the mother wavelet, sampling rate, or number of levels of the decomposition) over the diagnosis are done

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 4 )