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High-Resolution Direction Finding From Higher Order Statistics: The 2\rm q -MUSIC Algorithm

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3 Author(s)
Chevalier, P. ; Thales-Commun., EDS/SPM/SBP, Colombes ; Ferreol, A. ; Albera, L.

From the beginning of the 1980s, many second-order (SO) high-resolution direction-finding methods, such as the MUSIC method (or 2-MUSIC), have been developed mainly to process efficiently the multisource environments. Despite of their great interests, these methods suffer from serious drawbacks such as a weak robustness to both modeling errors and the presence of a strong colored background noise whose spatial coherence is unknown, poor performance in the presence of several poorly angularly separated sources from a limited duration observation and a maximum of N-1 sources to be processed from an array of N sensors. Mainly to overcome these limitations and in particular to increase both the resolution and the number of sources to be processed from an array of N sensors, fourth-order (FO) high-resolution direction-finding methods have been developed, from the end of the 1980s, to process non-Gaussian sources, omnipresent in radio communications, among which the 4-MUSIC method is the most popular. To increase even more the resolution, the robustness to modeling errors, and the number of sources to be processed from a given array of sensors, and thus to minimize the number of sensors in operational contexts, we propose in this paper an extension of the MUSIC method to an arbitrary even order 2q (qges1), giving rise to the 2q-MUSIC methods. The performance analysis of these new methods show off new important results for direction-finding applications and in particular the best performances, with respect to 2-MUSIC and 4-MUSIC, of 2q-MUSIC methods with q>2, despite their higher variance, when some resolution is required

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 8 )