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Unquantized and uncoded channel state information feedback in multiple-antenna multiuser systems

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2 Author(s)
D. Samardzija ; Lucent Technol. Bell Labs, Holmdel, NJ, USA ; N. Mandayam

We propose a channel state information (CSI) feedback scheme based on unquantized and uncoded (UQ-UC) transmission. We consider a system where a mobile terminal obtains the downlink CSI and feeds it back to the base station using an uplink feedback channel. If the downlink channel is an independent Rayleigh fading channel, then the CSI may be viewed as an output of a complex independent identically distributed Gaussian source. Further, if the uplink feedback channel is an additive white Gaussian noise channel, and the downlink CSI is perfectly known at the mobile terminal, it can be shown that UQ-UC CSI transmission (that incurs zero delay) is optimal in that it achieves the same minimum mean-squared error distortion as a scheme that optimally (in the Shannon sense) quantizes and encodes the CSI, while theoretically incurring infinite delay. Since the UQ-UC transmission is suboptimal on correlated wireless channels, we propose a simple linear CSI feedback receiver that can be used to improve the performance of UQ-UC transmission while still retaining the attractive zero-delay feature. We provide bounds on the performance of such UQ-UC CSI feedback and study its impact on the achievable information rates. Furthermore, we explore its application and performance in multiple-antenna multiuser wireless systems, and also propose a corresponding pilot-assisted channel-state estimation scheme

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 7 )