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Comparison of the Applicability of Rule-Based and Self-Organizing Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Sedation Control of Intracranial Pressure Pattern in a Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit

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4 Author(s)
Jiann-Shing Shieh ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Yuan Ze Univ., Taoyuan ; Mu Fu ; Sheng-Jean Huang ; Ming-Chien Kao

This paper assesses the controller performance of a self-organizing fuzzy logic controller (SOFLC) in comparison with a routine clinical rule-base controller (RBC) for sedation control of intracranial pressure (ICP) pattern. Eleven patients with severe head injury undergoing different neurosurgeries in a neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU) were divided into two groups. In all cases the sedation control periods lasted 1 h and assessments of propofol infusion rates were made at a frequency of once per 30 s. In the control group of 10 cases selected from 5 patients, a RBC was used, and in the experimental group of 10 cases selected from 6 patients, a self-organizing fuzzy logic controller was used. A SOFLC was derived from a fuzzy logic controller and allowed to generate new rules via self-learning beyond the initial fuzzy rule-base obtained from experts (i.e., neurosurgeons). The performance of the controllers was analyzed using the ICP pattern of sedation for 1 h of control. The results show that a SOFLC can provide a more stable ICP pattern by administering more propofol and changing the rate of delivery more often when rule-base modifications have been considered

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 8 )