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A signal processing approach to symmetry detection

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2 Author(s)
Keller, Y. ; Dept. of Math., Yale Univ., New Haven, CT ; Shkolnisky, Y.

We present an algorithm that detects rotational and reflectional symmetries of two-dimensional objects. Both symmetry types are effectively detected and analyzed using the angular correlation (AC), which measures the correlation between images in the angular direction. The AC is accurately computed using the pseudopolar Fourier transform, which rapidly computes the Fourier transform of an image on a near-polar grid. We prove that the AC of symmetric images is a periodic signal whose frequency is related to the order of the symmetry. This frequency is recovered via spectrum estimation, which is a proven technique in signal processing with a variety of efficient solutions. We also provide a novel approach for finding the center of symmetry and demonstrate the applicability of our scheme to the analysis of real images

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 8 )