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Improving the image quality of spaceborne multiple-aperture SAR under minimization of sidelobe clutter and noise

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2 Author(s)
Tong Wang ; Nat. Lab. of Radar Signal Process., Xidian Univ., Xi''an ; Zheng Bao

As we know, a multiple-aperture radar carried by a group of formation-flying satellites can be used to improve the coverage and azimuth resolution of spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) simultaneously. However, in the case of the reconstruction of azimuth signal from a periodic nonuniform sampling sequence, the sidelobe clutter and noise may be amplified by tens of decibels in some cases, which makes the final SAR image blurry. In this letter, we present the analytical result of the amplification factor of sidelobe clutter and noise for the evaluation of the reconstruction performance. According to the result, we propose a method to reduce the sidelobe clutter and noise, which considerably improves the quality of SAR image. Computer simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the method

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )