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Some limitations on the effectiveness of airborne adaptive radar

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3 Author(s)
Barile, E.C. ; Mitre Corp., Bedford, MA, USA ; Fante, R.L. ; Torres, J.A.

It is shown that internal clutter motion, aircraft crabbing, scattering from near-field obstacles, and channel mismatch can limit the effectiveness of space-time processing in eliminating airborne clutter. An analytical expression is developed to show how each of these effects produces a deterioration in the signal-to-clutter-plus-noise ratio achievable. By studying the spectral decomposition of the covariance matrix, it is found that the effects of both internal clutter motion and crabbing can either be compensated by artificially adding noise or by processing more pulses. A near-field obstacle produces a spread of the clutter into all of sine azimuth-Doppler space. It is shown that the space-time processor attempts to compensate for this effect by placing a near-field null on the obstacle. Thus, adding more elements is much more effective in eliminating this effect than is processing more pulses. Channel mismatch can be alleviated by controlling the dispersive errors more tightly and by increasing the number of receive elements

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 4 )