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This work presents a novel current multilevel (CML) inverter topology, named boost CML inverter, and its application on energy processing of single-phase grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. The structure allows a high power factor operation of a PV system, injecting a quasi-sinusoidal current into the grid, with virtually no displacement in relation to the line voltage at the point of common coupling among the PV system and the loads. The major appeals of using the CML technique are the balanced current sharing among semiconductor switches and the decrease of the current slope in the circuit devices, with a consequent reduction of conducted and radiated electromagnetic interference (EMI). The CML technique also allows adapting or minimizing current waveforms harmonic content. System description, mathematical approach, and design guidelines are presented, providing an overview of the new topology. In order to validate the proposed concepts, experimental measurements, made in a small-scale laboratory prototype, are also presented. The obtained results evidence the feasibility of the application of this new topology on single-phase grid-connected PV systems.