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Electromigration in Pb-free solder bumps with Cu column as flip chip joints

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8 Author(s)
Nah, Jae-Woong ; Dept. of Mater. Sci. & Eng., UCLA, Los Angeles, CA ; Suh, J.O. ; Tu, K.N. ; Seung Wook Yoon
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The electromigration in flip chip joints of Cu column bump with two different kinds of solder bumps; eutectic SnPb or eutectic SnAg was studied. The Cu columns were 50 mum thick and 50 mum diameter for eutectic SnPb solders and 80 mum thick and 85 mum diameter for eutectic SnAg solders. We observed that these flip chip joints did not fail after 1 month at 100 degC with a current density of 1times10 4 A/cm2. In these flip chip joints of Cu column bumps with solder bumps, the current distribution in the solder region was uniform and they had strong resistance against electromigration induced failure. The effect of Cu column bump on current distribution in the solder joint has been confirmed by simulation. When we compared the difference in microstructural change between the Cu column with eutectic SnPb and the Cu column with eutectic SnAg, we found that electromigration enhanced the formation of Kirkendall voids at the Cu/Cu 3Sn interface in the eutectic SnPb case due to t he smaller amount of Sn in the solder bump. Therefore, the flip chip joints of Cu column bumps with eutectic SnPb solder bumps would be weakened at the interface after high current stressing

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Electronic Components and Technology Conference, 2006. Proceedings. 56th

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