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Traffic grooming in optical networks refers to consolidation of subwavelength client connections onto lightpaths. Depending on whether client connections are given in advance or randomly arrive/depart, traffic grooming is classified as static and dynamic. Dynamic traffic grooming has been traditionally performed through establishing/releasing lightpaths online. In this paper, the authors propose an alternate approach to design a static logical topology a priori and then route randomly arriving client connections on it to avoid frequent lightpath setup/teardown. Two problems are considered: 1) minimize resource usage constrained by traffic blocking requirements and 2) maximize performance constrained by given resources. These are formulated as integer linear-programming (ILP) problems. The numerical results show that the resource usage dramatically decreases when the blocking requirement is relaxed, and the grooming performance slowly increases when given more resources. In addition, the number of ports at client nodes has more profound impact on traffic grooming than the number of wavelengths.