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Prior knowledge of the noise present in a color image acquisition device is very important in estimating colorimetric values or in recovering the spectral reflectances of pixels of objects being imaged, since these values are greatly influenced by the noise. In this paper, a new model is proposed for the determination of the noise variance of a multispectral color image acquisition system and experimental results to demonstrate its accuracy are presented. It is demonstrated that the noise variance of an actual multispectral color image acquisition system computed by the proposal agrees fairly well with the variance which minimizes the mean-square error of the recovered reflectances by the Wiener filter. As an application of the proposal, it is shown that spectral reflectances of an art painting are recovered accurately by the use of sensor responses without prior knowledge of objects being imaged and noise present in an image acquisition system.
Date of Publication: July 2006