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Embedded quantization of line spectral frequencies using a multistage tree-structured vector quantizer

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1 Author(s)
Chu, W.C. ; Media Lab., San Jose, CA

This paper presents a multistage tree-structured vector quantization (MTVQ) scheme for line spectral frequencies (LSF), where two advantages exist: It supports embedded quantization which is required for scalable coder designs, and the tree-structure at each stage can be relied on to accelerate the encoding process. The different codebook design strategies suitable for MTVQ are analyzed. Two speech coding standards are modified by replacing their original LSF quantizers with an MTVQ; it is shown that graceful quality degradation can be obtained for the synthetic speech when the number of bits available for LSF decoding is decremented one-by-one. Moreover, the search complexity is substantially reduced with slight performance degradation

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )