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Modification of electron velocity distribution in bounded plasmas by secondary electron emission

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4 Author(s)
Sydorenko, D. ; Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon, Sask. ; Smolyakov, A. ; Kaganovich, I. ; Raitses, Y.

A particle-in-cell code has been developed for simulations of plasmas of Hall thruster discharges. The simulated system is a plasma slab bounded by dielectric walls with secondary electron emission. An external, accelerating electric field directed parallel to the walls and an external magnetic field directed normal to the walls are applied. The strongly anisotropic non-Maxwellian electron velocity distribution function is obtained in simulations. The average energy of electron motion parallel to the walls is defined by collisional heating in the accelerating electric field. This energy is much higher than the average energy of electron motion normal to the walls, which is determined by the energy of electrons produced in ionization and by scattering of electrons by neutral atoms. The electron distribution function for velocity components normal to the walls is depleted for energies above the near-wall plasma potential. The effects of Coulomb collisions on the electron velocity distribution function and electron wall losses are studied

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 3 )