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The Nitrogen Boil-Off Method for Measuring AC Losses in HTS Coils

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4 Author(s)
Okamoto, H. ; Kyushu Electr. Power Co, Fukuoka ; Sumiyoshi, F. ; Miyoshi, K. ; Suzuki, Y.

We have developed a novel apparatus for applying a nitrogen boil-off method as a mean of making calorimetric measurements and allowing for simple measuring and evaluating of AC losses in HTS coils at liquid nitrogen temperature. With the ability to measure AC loss generated in superconductors directly, this method produces more reliable data than that obtained by general, electro-magnetic measurements. A sensitivity of about 0.1 W was achieved by improving sensitivity in measuring gas evaporation via the following three steps: (1) use of nonmetallic vessel, heat-insulated housing in which the sample is located; (2) optimization for sample vessel thickness and tube size; and (3) stabilization of evaporating gas emitted by the heater. It is widely expected that the proposed apparatus may be used for individual measurement of the magnetization loss and the transport current loss in HTS coils, as well as their total losses, in addition to the AC loss in irregularly shaped samples

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 2 )