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Three-dimensional location estimation of circular features for machine vision

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4 Author(s)
Safaee-Rad, R. ; Toronto Univ., Ont., Canada ; Tchoukanov, I. ; Smith, K.C. ; Benhabib, B.

A closed-form analytical solution to the problem of 3D estimation of circular-feature location is presented. Two different cases are considered: 3D orientation and position estimation when the radius is known and when it is not known. Extension of the method to general 3D quadratic features is also addressed. Simulated experimental results obtained for all three cases verified the analytical method. In the case of real experiments, a set of circles located on a calibration plate, whose locations were known with respect to a reference frame, were used for camera calibration as well as for the application of the method. A sequential compensation procedure was applied to the input gray-level image to compensate for distortion. These results also showed the validity of the process and the applicability of the analytical method

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )