By Topic

Analysis and architecture design of an HDTV720p 30 frames/s H.264/AVC encoder

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Tung-Chien Chen ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Shao-Yi Chien ; Yu-Wen Huang ; Chen-Han Tsai
more authors

H.264/AVC significantly outperforms previous video coding standards with many new coding tools. However, the better performance comes at the price of the extraordinarily huge computational complexity and memory access requirement, which makes it difficult to design a hardwired encoder for real-time applications. In addition, due to the complex, sequential, and highly data-dependent characteristics of the essential algorithms in H.264/AVC, both the pipelining and the parallel processing techniques are constrained to be employed. The hardware utilization and throughput are also decreased because of the block/MB/frame-level reconstruction loops. In this paper, we describe our techniques to design the H.264/AVC video encoder for HDTV applications. On the system design level, in consideration of the characteristics of the key components and the reconstruction loops, the four-stage macroblock pipelined system architecture is first proposed with an efficient scheduling and memory hierarchy. On the module design level, the design considerations of the significant modules are addressed followed by the hardware architectures, including low-bandwidth integer motion estimation, parallel fractional motion estimation, reconfigurable intrapredictor generator, dual-buffer block-pipelined entropy coder, and deblocking filter. With these techniques, the prototype chip of the efficient H.264/AVC encoder is implemented with 922.8 K logic gates and 34.72-KB SRAM at 108-MHz operation frequency.

Published in:

Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 6 )