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Finite-element time-domain (FETD) simulations of Maxwell equations in irregular simplicial grids require the solution of a sparse linear system involving the Hodge (mass) matrix at each time step. This can be avoided by mass lumping techniques that approximate the mass matrix by a diagonal matrix, but not without shortcomings. In this communication, we propose an alternative approach to yield a conditionally stable, fully explicit, and sparse FETD by using a sparse approximate inverse of the mass matrix.
Date of Publication: June 2006