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PEDAMACS: power efficient and delay aware medium access protocol for sensor networks

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2 Author(s)
S. C. Ergen ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA ; P. Varaiya

PEDAMACS is a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) scheme that extends the common single hop TDMA to a multihop sensor network, using a high-powered access point to synchronize the nodes and to schedule their transmissions and receptions. The protocol first enables the access point to gather topology (connectivity) information. A scheduling algorithm then determines when each node should transmit and receive data, and the access point announces the transmission schedule to the other nodes. The performance of PEDAMACS is compared to existing protocols based on simulations in TOSSIM, a simulation environment for TinyOS, the operating system for the Berkeley sensor nodes. For the traffic application we consider, the PEDAMACS network provides a lifetime of several years compared to several months and days based on random access schemes with and without sleep cycles, respectively, making sensor network technology economically viable.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 7 )