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This paper discusses an accurate magnetic field analysis that addresses stress distribution in the magnetic core by using the finite-element method (FEM) to estimate motor characteristics. This analysis method consists of the following steps: 1) measurement of the magnetic characteristics of electrical steel sheets in a state where stress is added; 2) calculation of deformation and stress distribution using structural analysis; 3) preprocessing of the magnetic field analysis, which generates the FEM mesh taking account of the deformation by stress and the changes of the magnetic properties in each of the core elements corresponding to stress distribution; and 4) magnetic field analysis using the data measured in step 1) and the FEM mesh generated in step 3). As an example, a result of a permanent magnet motor's cogging torque calculation is shown, focusing on stress in the stator core resulting from shrink fitting into the frame. As a result, the cogging torque waveform was shown to differ depending on the shape and the materials of the frame.
Date of Publication: May-June 2006