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Improved cooling performance of large motors using fans

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4 Author(s)
Nakahama, T. ; Ind. & Automobile Control Syst. Technol. Group, Toshiba Corp., Tokyo, Japan ; Biswas, D. ; Kawano, K. ; Ishibashi, F.

This paper studies the cooling performance by axial fans with forward-swept and inclined blades and a structure with low ventilation resistance for large-capacity open-type motors. The ventilation resistance of axial fans for motors is much greater than that of common fans for creating draughts. Flow separates remarkably on the blades' surfaces and fluid noise is large. We reduced the ventilation resistance inside an electric motor and adopted axial fans with forward-swept and inclined blades. We confirmed by wind tunnel experiment that the flow rate with this combination increases remarkably compared with the conventional ventilation structure and axial fans. Numerical fluid analysis was performed on the flow around the blade at this flow rate. It was confirmed that no flow separation appeared for the air flow along the blade surfaces. This was also observed in a flow visualization experiment. Furthermore, an actual motor with both the low-ventilation-resistance structure and axial fans with forward-swept and inclined blades showed that the flow rate of cooling air increased by 80% compared with that of conventional machines, and the average temperature rise of stator windings decreased by 30%. Thus, the cooling performance was greatly improved.

Published in:

Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 2 )