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Compensation of parasitic effects for a silicon tuning fork gyroscope

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7 Author(s)
Gunthner, S. ; MEMS Design & Technol., Frankfurt ; Egretzberger, M. ; Kugi, A. ; Kapser, K.
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This paper refers to a silicon micromachined tuning fork gyroscope, which is driven via two piezoelectric thin film actuators. The device responds to an external angular rate by a torsional motion about its sensitive axis due to the Coriolis effect. The shear stress in the upper torsional stem, which is proportional to the angular rate, is detected via a piezoresistive readout structure. In addition to the wanted signal corresponding to the angular rate, there are unwanted contributions from the drive motion, e.g., from mechanical unbalances and from asymmetries of the piezoelectric excitation induced by fabrication tolerances. These effects, which disturb the sensor signal with varying contributions in amplitude and phase, have already been examined for capacitive surface micromachined sensors. In this paper, they are identified for a piezoelectrically driven, bulk-micromachined gyro and compared to results of FEM simulations. System-level simulations are performed and show possibilities to compensate the main parasitic effects. Results of eliminating the mechanical unbalance by femtosecond laser trimming are presented and compared with the simulations

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )