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Increasing frame rate in ultrasound imaging by temporal morphing using tissue Doppler

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4 Author(s)
Brekke, S. ; Dept. of Circulation & Medical Imaging, Norwegian Univ. of Sci. & Tech., Trondheim ; Ingul, C.B. ; Aase, S.A. ; Torp, H.G.

The diagnostic value of echocardiographic images seems to diminish when the frame rate is low. In this work, morphing based on velocity information was used to improve the perceived smoothness of B-mode cine-loops with low frame rate. Based on an estimate of the velocity field calculated from B-mode speckle tracking and tissue Doppler measurements, morphed cine-loops with arbitrarily high frame rate were created. Morphing was applied to cardiac ultrasound cine-loops with apical insonation. The quality of the morphed data was evaluated by removing frames from duplex B-mode and tissue Doppler recordings, then replacing the removed B-mode frames with morphed ones. The decimated and morphed sequences were compared to the original ones. Wall motion scoring, a subjective evaluation technique for regional viability of the myocardium, was applied to data from 20 patients with varying pathology. Sixty cine-loops were scored twice, first with original data and later with morphed data. The results were compared for each recording, and the scorings were identical in the two cases for 94% of the segments. We conclude that much of the diagnostic value is retained in recordings with 15 frames per second when temporal morphing is applied

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 5 )