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This paper introduces our self-recognition type of the computer-controlled spectral phase compensator (SRCSC), which consists of a greatly accurate phase manipulator with a spatial light modulator (SLM), a highly sensitive phase characterizer using a modified spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction (M-SPIDER), and a computer for phase analysis and SLM control operating in the immediate feedback (FB) mode. The application of the SRCSC to adaptive compensation of various kinds of complicated spectral phases such as nonlinear chirped pulses with a weak intensity, induced-phase modulated pulses, photonic-crystal-fiber (PCF) output pulses, and nonlinear chirped pulses exceeding a 500-rad phase variation over-one-octave bandwidth demonstrated that the SRCSC is significantly useful for compensation of arbitrary nonlinear chirp and hence enables us to generate quasi-monocycle transform-limited (TL) pulses with a 2.8-fs duration. To the best of our knowledge, this 1.5-cycle pulse is the shortest single pulse with a clean temporal profile in the visible to near-infrared region.
Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (Volume:12 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: March-April 2006