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Binary tree of SVM: a new fast multiclass training and classification algorithm

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2 Author(s)
B. Fei ; Dept. of Math., Tongji Univ., Shanghai, China ; Jinbai Liu

We present a new architecture named Binary Tree of support vector machine (SVM), or BTS, in order to achieve high classification efficiency for multiclass problems. BTS and its enhanced version, c-BTS, decrease the number of binary classifiers to the greatest extent without increasing the complexity of the original problem. In the training phase, BTS has N-1 binary classifiers in the best situation (N is the number of classes), while it has log4/3((N+3)/4) binary tests on average when making a decision. At the same time the upper bound of convergence complexity is determined. The experiments in this paper indicate that maintaining comparable accuracy, BTS is much faster to be trained than other methods. Especially in classification, due to its Log complexity, it is much faster than directed acyclic graph SVM (DAGSVM) and ECOC in problems that have big class number

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )