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PHD filtering for tracking an unknown number of sources using an array of sensors

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4 Author(s)
Balakwmar, B. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ont. ; Sinha, A. ; Kirubarajan, T. ; Reilly, J.P.

In this paper, direction of arrival (DOA) tracking of an unknown number of sources in a highly non-stationary environment is considered. Conventional DOA estimation techniques, such as MUSIC, fail when the stationary assumption is violated. Furthermore, the time-varying number of sources makes the problem even more challenging. Recently, a particle filtering approach, which propagates the approximate posterior of the target states and then adopts a reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJMCMC) diversity step to resolve the number of targets, was proposed. However, this algorithm is sensitive to incorrect model order initialization. In this paper, we propose a new algorithm for tracking an unknown number of sources based on the probability hypothesis density (PHD) filter, which propagates only the first moment of the joint posterior distribution of targets in terms of particles, as a computationally efficient alternative to the RJMCMC method. The PHD algorithm provides an automatic way to estimate the number of sources, eliminating the need for a separate model order initialization or update step, which is typically the source of problem in particle-filtering based methods. In addition to the fact that the PHD implementation is simple, simulation results show that, the PHD implementation yields superior performance over the other method

Published in:

Statistical Signal Processing, 2005 IEEE/SP 13th Workshop on

Date of Conference:

17-20 July 2005

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