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An electromechanical model of the heart for image analysis and simulation

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3 Author(s)

This paper presents a new three-dimensional electromechanical model of the two cardiac ventricles designed both for the simulation of their electrical and mechanical activity, and for the segmentation of time series of medical images. First, we present the volumetric biomechanical models built. Then the transmembrane potential propagation is simulated, based on FitzHugh-Nagumo reaction-diffusion equations. The myocardium contraction is modeled through a constitutive law including an electromechanical coupling. Simulation of a cardiac cycle, with boundary conditions representing blood pressure and volume constraints, leads to the correct estimation of global and local parameters of the cardiac function. This model enables the introduction of pathologies and the simulation of electrophysiology interventions. Moreover, it can be used for cardiac image analysis. A new proactive deformable model of the heart is introduced to segment the two ventricles in time series of cardiac images. Preliminary results indicate that this proactive model, which integrates a priori knowledge on the cardiac anatomy and on its dynamical behavior, can improve the accuracy and robustness of the extraction of functional parameters from cardiac images even in the presence of noisy or sparse data. Such a model also allows the simulation of cardiovascular pathologies in order to test therapy strategies and to plan interventions.

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

May 2006

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