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Long-pulse beam stability experiments on the DARHT-II linear induction accelerator

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32 Author(s)
Ekdahl, C. ; Los Alamos Nat. Lab., NM, USA ; Abeyta, E.O. ; Aragon, P. ; Archuleta, R.
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When completed, the DARHT-II linear induction accelerator (LIA) will produce a 2-kA, 17-MeV electron beam in a 1600-ns flat-top pulse. In initial tests, DARHT-II accelerated beams with current pulse lengths from 500 to 1200 ns full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) with more than 1.2-kA, 12.5-MeV peak current and energy. Experiments have now been done with a ∼1600-ns pulse length. These pulse lengths are all significantly longer than any other multimegaelectronvolt LIA, and they define a novel regime for high-current beam dynamics, especially with regard to beam stability. Although the initial tests demonstrated insignificant beam-breakup instability (BBU), the pulse length was too short to determine whether ion-hose instability would be present toward the end of a long, 1600-ns pulse. The 1600-ns pulse experiments reported here resolved these issues for the long-pulse DARHT-II LIA.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 2 )