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Two applications of microparticles (micron-size particles) for laboratory plasma diagnosis are discussed. The first application is about injecting hypervelocity microparticles [(HDI) for hypervelocity dust injection] for internal magnetic field measurement in high-temperature plasmas. Since the concept of HDI has already been examined in details in our previous works, the primary focus here is to compare different schemes of microparticle acceleration. A new design of HDI based on plasma-dynamic accelerator is described to inject multiple microparticles to velocities around 10 km/s simultaneously. The other application is about using microparticles to measure plasma flow [(mPTV) for microparticle tracer velocimetry]. Directions of plasma flow at multiple locations can be measured simultaneously using mPTV because ion drag dominates over other forces inside laboratory plasmas of order 1019 m-3 in density and a few electron volts in temperature. In addition to complex interactions between a microparticle with plasma, the magnitude of plasma flow may not be obtained directly from the microparticle velocity because of the time it takes for each microparticle to relax to local plasma velocity. In summary, microparticles are naturally small objects in all three dimensions and can, therefore, become useful diagnostics for laboratory plasmas with minimal perturbation.