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Automated decomposition of intramuscular electromyographic signals

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3 Author(s)
Florestal, J.R. ; Inst. of Biomed. Eng., Univ. de Montreal, Que. ; Mathieu, P.A. ; Malanda, A.

We present a novel method for extracting and classifying motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) from one-channel electromyographic recordings. The extraction of MUAP templates is carried out using a symbolic representation of waveforms, a common technique in signature verification applications. The assignment of MUAPs to their specific trains is achieved by means of repeated template matching passes using pseudocorrelation, a new matched-filter-based similarity measure. Identified MUAPs are peeled off and the residual signal is analyzed using shortened templates to facilitate the resolution of superimpositions. The program was tested with simulated data and with experimental signals obtained using fine-wire electrodes in the biceps brachii during isometric contractions ranging from 5% to 30% of the maximum voluntary contraction. Analyzed signals were made of up to 14MUAP trains. Most templates were extracted automatically, but complex signals sometimes required the adjustment of 2 parameters to account for all the MUAP trains present. Classification accuracy rates for simulations ranged from an average of 96.3% plusmn 0.9%(4 trains) to 75.6% plusmn 11.0%(12 trains). The classification portion of the program never required user intervention. Decomposition of most 10-s-long signals required less than 10s using a conventional desktop computer, thus showing capabilities for real-time applications

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 5 )