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In this paper, the authors calculate the amplified-spontaneous-emission spectrum of the radiation field in surface-emitting distributed feedback (DFB) lasers. The response of the laser cavity to the Langevin noise source in the frequency domain is obtained using the newly developed Green's functions for the slowly varying amplitudes of the guided waves. The authors show that the power spectra from the surface and the edge are different, and this discrepancy is due to excitation of the radiation field by the interference between the counter-propagating waves inside the cavity. This feature can be properly exploited in the design of surface-emitting DFB lasers for optical communications.