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A measurement of a magnetic field vector-application of the magneto-birefringence effect by magnetic fluid

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2 Author(s)
Hikihara, T. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Kansai Univ., Osaka, Japan ; Hirane, Yoshihisa

The measurement of a magnetic field vector using the magneto-birefringence effect in a magnetic fluid is discussed, and the characteristics of the experimental system are described. The system applies a laser diode and a thin film of magnetic fluid as a refracting element to measure magneto-birefringence. Magnetic fluids have both a large anomalous magneto-birefringence effect and a Faraday effect. These effects cause the change of intensity and the phase shift of a refracted laser beam. In the experimental system, a method for detecting these effects is proposed. On the basis of the experimental results, it is clear that the direction and the intensity of a two-dimensional magnetic field vector can be measured in the cases of both direct and alternating magnetic fields

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Oct 1992

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