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FDTD-derived correlation of maximum temperature increase and peak SAR in child and adult head models due to dipole antenna

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5 Author(s)
Fujimoto, M. ; Dept. of Commun. Eng., Osaka Univ. ; Hirata, A. ; Jianqing Wang ; Fujiwara, O.
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This paper investigates the correlation between the peak specific absorption rate (SAR) and the maximum temperature increase in head models of adults and children due to a dipole antenna. Much attention is paid to the effect of variation of electrical and thermal constants on the correlation for the child models, since these constants of child tissues are different from those of adult tissues. For investigating these correlations thoroughly, a total of 1400 situations are considered for the following six models: 3-year-old child, 7-year-old child, and adult models developed at the Nagoya Institute of Technology and the Osaka the University. The numerical results are analyzed on the basis of statistics. We find that the maximum temperature increases in the head can be estimated linearly in terms of peak SAR averaged over 1- or 10-g of tissue. In particular, no clear difference is observed between the adult and child models in terms of the slopes correlating the maximum temperature increase with the peak SAR. Also, the effect of electrical and thermal constants of tissue on these correlation is found to be marginal. Further, we discuss possible maximum temperature increases in the head and brain for SAR limits prescribed in safety guidelines. For the adult model developed at the Osaka Univ., these are found to be 0.26degC and 0.10degC at the SAR value of 1.6 W/kg for 1-g cubic tissue and 0.59degC and 0.21degC at the SAR value of 2.0 W/kg for 10-g cubic tissue. Similarly, for the 3-year-old child model at Osaka Univ., these are 0.23degC and 0.11degC for the value of 1-g SAR and 0.53degC and 0.20degC for the value of 10-g SAR

Published in:

Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Feb. 2006

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