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Bayesian estimation of motion vector fields

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2 Author(s)
Konrad, J. ; Inst. Nat. de la Recherche Sci., Quebec Univ., Montreal, Que., Canada ; Dubois, E.

A stochastic approach to the estimation of 2D motion vector fields from time-varying images is presented. The formulation involves the specification of a deterministic structural model along with stochastic observation and motion field models. Two motion models are proposed: a globally smooth model based on vector Markov random fields and a piecewise smooth model derived from coupled vector-binary Markov random fields. Two estimation criteria are studied. In the maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) estimation, the a posteriori probability of motion given data is maximized, whereas in the minimum expected cost (MEC) estimation, the expectation of a certain cost function is minimized. Both algorithms generate sample fields by means of stochastic relaxation implemented via the Gibbs sampler. Two versions are developed: one for a discrete state space and the other for a continuous state space. The MAP estimation is incorporated into a hierarchical environment to deal efficiently with large displacements

Published in:

Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

Sep 1992

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