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Fixed-beam smart antennas are a simple but effective method to boost the downlink capacity of UMTS FDD. In this paper we compare the two possible strategies. Using a four element uniform linear antenna array, we find the optimum number of fixed beams per 120° sector dependent on the direction of departure (DoD) spread at the base station. For the first method we find the optimum number of beams to be four for low DoD spreads and two or three for large DoD spreads. For the second method the optimum number of beams per sector is seven for small DoD spreads and goes down to four or five beams per sector for large DoD spreads depending on base station spacing. By extensive system level simulations, we show, for 1 km inter base station distance, a capacity gain of more than 160% over a conventional 3-sectored reference system by both fixed beam methods.
Date of Publication: March 2006