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Equalization for OFDM over doubly selective channels

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3 Author(s)
Barhumi, I. ; Katholieke Univ. Leuven-ESAT/SCD-SISTA, Heverlee, Belgium ; Leus, G. ; Moonen, M.

In this paper, we propose a time-domain as well as a frequency-domain per-tone equalization for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) over doubly selective channels. We consider the most general case, where the channel delay spread is larger than the cyclic prefix (CP), which results in interblock interference (IBI). IBI in conjunction with the Doppler effect destroys the orthogonality between subcarriers and, hence, results in severe intercarrier interference (ICI). In this paper, we propose a time-varying finite-impulse-response (TV-FIR) time-domain equalizer (TEQ) to restore the orthogonality between subcarriers, and hence to eliminate ICI/IBI. Due to the fact that the TEQ optimizes the performance over all subcarriers in a joint fashion, it has a poor performance. An optimal frequency-domain per-tone equalizer (PTEQ) is then obtained by transferring the TEQ operation to the frequency domain. Through computer simulations, we demonstrate the performance of the proposed equalization techniques.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 4 )