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A unified capacity analysis for wireless systems with joint multiuser scheduling and antenna diversity in Nakagami fading channels

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2 Author(s)
C. -J. Chen ; Chunghwa Telecom Labs., Taoyuan City, Taiwan ; Li-Chun Wang

In this paper, we present a cross-layer analytical framework to jointly investigate antenna diversity and multiuser scheduling under the generalized Nakagami fading channels. We derive a unified capacity formula for the multiuser scheduling system with different multiple-input multiple-output antenna schemes, including: 1) selective transmission/selective combining (ST/SC); 2) maximum ratio transmission/maximum ratio combining (MRT/MRC); 3) ST/MRC; and 4) space-time block codes (STBC). Our analytical results lead to the following four observations regarding the interplay of multiuser scheduling and antenna diversity. First, the higher the Nakagami fading parameter, the lower the multiuser diversity gain for all the considered antenna schemes. Second, from the standpoint of multiuser scheduling, the multiple antennas with the ST/SC method can be viewed as virtual users to amplify multiuser diversity order. Third, the boosted array gain of the MRT/MRC scheme can compensate the detrimental impact of the reduced amount of fading gain on multiuser scheduling, thereby resulting in greater capacity than the ST/SC method. Last, employing the STBC scheme together with multiuser diversity may cause capacity loss due to the reduced amount of fading gain, but without the supplement of array gain.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 3 )