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Options, feasibility, and availability of 2 /spl times/ 4 90/spl deg/ hybrids for coherent optical systems

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2 Author(s)
Seimetz, M. ; Heinrich-Hertz-Inst., Fraunhofer Inst. for Commun., Berlin ; Weinert, C.-M.

Coherent optical transmission systems offer enhanced possibilities concerning multilevel modulation and the electronic compensation of transmission impairments. One of the key components in a homodyne in-phase/quadrature (IQ) receiver is a 2 times 4 90deg hybrid. However, this component is only commercially available in a form that requires an additional active control loop. This paper presents the different possible alternatives for the realization of the 2 times 4 90deg hybrids and discusses their availability and properties, as well as the practical implementation considerations

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 3 )