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We propose a novel approach to generating and distributing ultrawideband (UWB) pulse signals over optical fiber. The proposed system consists of a single-wavelength laser source, an electrooptic phase modulator (EOPM), a length of single-mode fiber (SMF), and a photodetector (PD). The combination of the EOPM, the SMF link, and the PD forms an all-optical microwave bandpass filter, which is used to generate a UWB signal with a spectrum meeting the regulation of the Federal Communication Commission. Gaussian doublet pulses are obtained at the receiver front-end, which can provide several gigahertz bandwidths for applications in high-bit-rate UWB wireless communications. Experimental results measured in both temporal and frequency domains are presented.