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We have studied the minimum off-state leakage current of ultrascaled Schottky-barrier carbon nanotube transistors (SBCNTs) with midgap Schottky-barrier source/drain contacts. The off-state leakage current is separated into two parts: thermal emission around the top of the Schottky barrier and tunneling through the evanescent band-gap states. Because the transmission through deep band-gap states makes a dominant contribution for ultrascaled SBCNTs, the off-state minimum leakage current increases exponentially with decreasing scaling length of SBCNTs.
Date of Publication: March 2006