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Exploring spatial correlation for link quality estimation in wireless sensor networks

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2 Author(s)
Yingqi Xu ; Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA ; Lee, W.-C.

The irregularity in quality of wireless communication links poses significant research challenges in wireless sensor network design. Dynamic network conditions and environmental factors make an online, self-adapted link quality estimation mechanism within sensor nodes a necessity for making routing decisions and improving network performance. In this paper, we present a weighted regression algorithm for efficient and accurate estimation of link quality in wireless sensor networks. This algorithm captures the spatial correlation in quality of links between a sensor node and its neighbor nodes, such that the quality of a link to a neighbor node can be estimated based on the quality of links to other nodes geographically close. We evaluate the proposed algorithm using a trace-based simulator which takes into account the variances of link quality over time and spatial locations. The experimental results show that the weighted regression algorithm is able to achieve more accurate estimates than WMEWMA, a state-of-the-art link quality estimator, at a much lower communication cost

Published in:

Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2006. PerCom 2006. Fourth Annual IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

13-17 March 2006