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Stepped-reflector antenna for dual-band multiple beam Satellite communications payloads

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2 Author(s)
Rao, K.S. ; Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Syst., Newtown, PA ; Tang, M.Q.

A novel stepped-reflector antenna (SRA) suitable for dual-band multiple beam satellite payloads is introduced in this paper. The SRA system produces "flat-top" radiation patterns for receive beams and highly efficient Gaussian patterns for transmit beams over a geographic coverage region as seen by the geo-synchronous satellite. It combines the reflector improvements through the use of SRA with the feed horn advancements through the use of dual-band "high-efficiency horns" in order to realize an efficient multiple beam antenna (MBA) system supporting both downlink transmit and uplink receive signals of communication satellites. It is shown that the SRA provides a congruent set of spot beams on ground for both transmit and receive frequencies with the benefits of significantly improved edge-of-coverage gain, improved co-polar isolation among beams that re-use the same frequency channels, receive beam patterns that are less sensitive to satellite pointing error, and reduced number of reflector antennas when compared to conventional MBAs

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 3 )