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Transmit beamforming in multiple-antenna systems with finite rate feedback: a VQ-based approach

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2 Author(s)

This paper investigates quantization methods for feeding back the channel information through a low-rate feedback channel in the context of multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems. We propose a new quantizer design criterion for capacity maximization and develop the corresponding iterative vector quantization (VQ) design algorithm. The criterion is based on maximizing the mean-squared weighted inner product (MSwIP) between the optimum and the quantized beamforming vector. The performance of systems with quantized beamforming is analyzed for the independent fading case. This requires finding the density of the squared inner product between the optimum and the quantized beamforming vector, which is obtained by considering a simple approximation of the quantization cell. The approximate density function is used to lower-bound the capacity loss due to quantization, the outage probability, and the bit error probability. The resulting expressions provide insight into the dependence of the performance of transmit beamforming MISO systems on the number of transmit antennas and feedback rate. Computer simulations support the analytical results and indicate that the lower bounds are quite tight

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 3 )